Fungal human diseases, or mycoses, are infectious diseases of the skin, nails, hair, mucous membranes caused by pathogenic fungi. Mycosis affects 30% of the population. fungal spores penetrate through microcracks and damage in the skin and mucous membranes. The high prevalence of fungal infection is associated with a low level of public awareness, self-medication, and rare visits to the doctor. Most often, the nails, interdigital space are affected. The appearance of the nails changes, they acquire a gray-yellow color, thicken. In the interdigital spaces, the skin flakes and itches, an unpleasant odor appears.
Classification of fungal infectionsDepending on the affected area, there are types of fungal diseases:
- keratomycosis (lesion of the epidermis);
- candidiasis or thrush (damage to the mucous membranes);
- dermatomycosis (hair, skin, top layer of nail plates suffer);
- systemic mycoses (skin and internal organs).
Methods of fungus treatmentBefore proceeding with the choice of a method for treating a fungal infection, it is necessary to establish the pathogen and undergo a diagnosis. There are the following methods of treatment:
- Removal of the affected part (nail plates in particular).
- Selection of topical antifungal agents (sprays, varnishes, ointments, gels, solutions).
- General antimycotics (capsules, tablets).
- Prescribing systemic antimycotics (without removing the nail plates).
- Topical therapy (if there are contraindications to the use of systemic antimycotics).
- type and form of fungal infection;
- degree of distribution;
- the statute of limitations for infection;
- nail growth rate;
- presence of concomitant diseases;
- state of the immune system;
- allergy to certain medicinal components;
- presence of contraindications, etc.