Valgus deformity of the foot in the common people is called a bump. The essence of the disease is as follows: the first finger moves outward, deforming the joint and manifesting itself in the form of the same bump that prevents a person from walking normally and causing discomfort when moving. The disease becomes younger over the years, manifesting itself in the young, when it was previously considered an age-related change. How to treat and how to avoid discomfort in the foot from hallux valgus?
Surgical interventionThe most popular and definitely effective treatment for hallux valgus is the intervention of a surgeon. Technology in the 21st century has made a huge breakthrough, giving about four hundred options for operations for different levels of complexity of the problem and focus on different problematic fragments of the foot. If the degree of deformation is only initial, a fairly simple operation can be dispensed with. With this method, the bone is not sawn, but the place of attachment of the tendon to the bone is changed. Recovery from such an operation is quick - about two to three weeks. In the case of II or III degree of deformation, the operation becomes larger. The bone is either sawn and changed in position, or properly fixed with screws and wires. The main types of operations and their specifics:
- Distal technique - used at an angle of no more than 14° between the thumb and forefinger. The operation itself is the removal of the “bump” by cutting;
- The diaphyseal technique is already used at a larger angle, between the bones, from 15° to 22;
- The proximal method, as you might guess, is used when the angle between the fingers is more than 22°.
Correction of flat valgus deformitiesCorrection of proscovalgus deformities is a somewhat different specificity of working with this pathology. If available, operating techniques are used that do not depend on the degree between the fingers:
- transposition of the tendons into the deformed plane;
- lateral column extension;
- Arthrodesis of the Lisfranc joint;
- Tri-joint arthrodesis